The group studies nano-ferroelectric domains. The main research objective is to fabricate an array of single nano-domains having uniform size, uniform crystallographic and polarization directions, where each nano-domain can serve as a nano-memory, nano-detector, nano-sensor or nano-actuator. The nano-domains are grown from the liquid phase in nano-pores made of a linear dielectric material. The domains are formed in either thin films or nanometer size pores. Their microstructure, composition, crystallographic orientation and size are controlled by the nucleation and growth parameters. The ferroelectric, pyroelectric, and piezoelectric properties of the nano-domains are characterized.