Smart Dental Materials: Progress, Challenges and a Window to the Future

Seminars
12.12.2019
14:30
David Wang Auditorium, 3rd floor Dalia Maydan Bldg.
Dr. Adi Sivan Gildor

Dr. Adi Sivan Gildor

Senior periodontist, Poria Medical Center

Dental materials are in the midst of a revolution, mainly thanks to the integration of scanners and in-office milling machines, which allow more precise treatment i. Both the variety of materials and the number of available techniques for materials processing ii has grown. Dental implants were introduced 50 years ago iii, however the recent revolution in dental materials and working techniques expanded the available solutions for dental implants, and broaden the clinical solutions that can be given even when systemic illnesses and lack of bone exists iv. New materials and alloys that can be used v, implant design, bio-inorganic surface topography vi,vii, new implant surface coating viii and types of rehabilitation is changing enormously.

However, with the rising increase of treatment options also the problems of ailing and failing implants is growing in high numbers ix. We will discuss what we have learned after 50 years of research and how we can form smarter implants.

  1. Bosshardt DD, Chappuis V, Buser D. Osseointegration of titanium, titanium, alloy and zirconia dental implants: current knowledge and open questions. Periodontol 2000. 2017 Vol 73 p.22.
  2. Berger MB, Jacobs TW, Boyan BD, Schwartz Z. Hot isostatic pressure treatment of 3D printed Ti6Al4V alters surface modifications and cellular response. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2019 Aug 30.
  3. Brånemark PI, Hansson BO, Adell R, Breine U, Lindström J, Hallén O, Ohman A. Osseointegrated implants in the treatment of the edentulous jaw: Experience from a 10-year period. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg. 1977 Vol 16 p.1.
  4. Bonfante E.A., Jimbo R., Witek L., Tovar N., Neiva R., Torroni A., Coelho P.G.. Biomaterial and biomechanical considerations to prevent risks in implant therapy. Periodontol 2000. 2019 Vol 81 p.139
  5. Cionca N., Hashim D., Mombelli A., Zirconia dental implants: where are we now, and where are we heading? Periodontol 2000, 2017 Vol 73 P. 241.
  6. Ghensi P., Bettio E., Maniglio D., Bonomi E., Piccoli F., Gross S., Caciagli P., Segata N., Nollo G.,, Tessarolo F., Dental Implants with Anti-Biofilm Properties: A Pilot Study for Developing a New Sericin-Based Coating. Materials (Basel). 2019 Vol. 12 p. 2429.
  7. Doornewaard R, Christiaens V, De Bruyn H, Jacobsson M, Cosyn J, Vervaeke S, Jacquet W. Long-Term Effect of Surface Roughness and Patients‘ Factors on Crestal Bone Loss at Dental Implants. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res 2017 Vol 19 p.372.
  8. Bougas K, Jimbo R, Vandeweghe S, et al. In vivo evaluation of a novel implant coating agent: Laminin-1. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2014 Oct Vol 16 p. 728.
  9. Renvert S, Lindahl C, Rutger Persson G. The incidence of peri-implantitis for two different implant systems over a period of thirteen years. J Clin Periodontol. 2012 Vol 39 p. 1191.Bermejo P., Sánchez MC., Llama‐Palacios A. Figuero E., Herrera D., Sanz M., Biofilm formation on dental implants with different surface. micro‐topography: An in vitro study. Clin Oral Impl Res. 2019 Vol. 30 p.725.