Dr. Aslan Miriyev
Columbia University in the City of New York, 500 W. 120th St. Mudd 220 New York NY 10027 USA , firstname.lastname@example.org
Engineering nature-like intelligent robots requires improvement of human-robot interaction by introducing compliant materials. The key challenge in this research field is development of materials allowing inherent actuation, sensing and computerized control.
In my talk I will present recently developed novel compact approach, allowing to replace conventional motors and existing massive soft-actuation solutions by self-contained composite materials, having the actuation ability as responsive inherent property. Specifically, I will present a 3D-printable silicone/ethanol composite material and its implementation as a soft artificial muscle. In addition, I will show my work on conductive elastomer composites, followed by successful fabrication of all-soft material-actuators with soft conductive heaters. Rheological-study-based automated single-step fabrication of silicone-matrix composites using a new-developed artificial muscle 3D-printer will be demonstrated.
I will discuss the remaining gaps towards the engineering of nature-like intelligent autonomous systems, including development of self-sensing soft-hard material systems with data-driven properties controlled by artificial intelligence (AI). Such structures should possess graded compliance and they should comprise of a wide spectrum of materials, including polymers, metals, ceramics and their composites. I see this engineering challenge as a natural next step in development of smart multifunctional composite materials, combining sensing and actuation capabilities.