- M.Sc, 1954 (Univ. of Vilna)
- D.Sc. 1967 (Technion)
Among the activities of his research group: Development of structural intermetallics with improved mechanical properties and resistant to degradation at high temperatures and hostile environments. The path of this investigation is based on micro- and macroalloying by ternary additions and on multi-stage thermal treatments that provide the desired phase structure of the material. There is a continuous effort towards the development of unique titanium alloys microstructure, and enhanced fatigue properties by the use of hydrogen as a temporary alloying element. The process is known at TCT (or HDH), it was patented in the U.S.A. and is described in the latest edition of the Metals Handbook. Research is conducted on diffusion in multicomponent and multiphase systems, diffusion on grain boundaries accompanied by new phase formation, and on electromigration.